Düsseldorf is the capital city of the federal state of North-Rhine-Westphalia and the official seat of the administrative district of Düsseldorf. It is also the second-largest city of North-Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne as well as the seventh-largest city in Germany, with a population of 619.294. Düsseldorf is part of the metropolitan region Rhein-Ruhr, with a population of around 10 million and also of the metropolitan region Rheinland, with an approximate population of 8.6 million.
Mercer's 2012 Quality of Living survey ranked Düsseldorf the sixth most liveable city in the world.
In 1288, the city received the city rights. From the end of the 14th century until the beginning of the 19th century, the city was the seat of government of the Holy Roman Empire and the Confederation of the Rhine: the Duchy of Berg, the Duchies of Jülich-Berg and Jülich-Kleve-Berg and the Grand Duchy of Berg, from 1690 to 1716 also residence of the Count Palatine and Elector Johann Wilhelm von der Pfalz.
From the 19th to the 20th century, it was the seat of the Rhine Province’s parliament of the Kingdom of Prussia. In the German Empire, Düsseldorf developed into the wealthy place of trade in the course of the industrialization in Germany and became a city with the crossing of the 100,000 inhabitants in 1882.
Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its trade fairs, and is headquarters of several DAX companies (e.g. Henkel). In addition, it is Germany's top-selling location for auditing, corporate and legal advice, advertising and fashion, as well as an important financial and stock marketplace. It is also a leader in Germany's art trade.
Düsseldorf is a well-connected city. Its Airport is the intercontinental hub of North Rhine-Westphalia.
The city is also the seat of 22 university-faculties, including the renowned Academy of Arts of Düsseldorf and the Heinrich Heine University.
Not only education issues make Düsseldorf an attractive city. The old town, Düsseldorf's entertainment district and proverbially known by Germans as "the longest bar in the world" has given the city an interregional fame, the Königsallee ("Kö") shopping boulevard, its carnival, the football club Fortuna Düsseldorf and the ice hockey club Düsseldorfer EG. Other attractions include numerous museums and galleries as well as the Rhine promenade and the modern Media Harbor. The cityscape is also characterized by numerous skyscrapers and church towers, the 240-meter-high Rhine tower, many monuments and seven Rhine bridges. Noteworthy is the large number of East Asian inhabitants, including the Japanese community, which is the largest Japanese community and the only Japantown in Germany.
Quelle: Wikipedia: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%C3%BCsseldorf (german)